Traumatic brain injury, or TBI, is a type of injury that occurs when an external force traumatically injures the brain. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), an estimated 1.5 million people suffer from a traumatic brain injury each year in the U.S., with 50,000 people dying and 85,000 suffering long term disabilities as a result of TBI. Young adults and the elderly are the highest risk groups for suffering from a TBI. There are a number of diverse causes for traumatic brain injury, but the top three are: falls, firearms, and car accidents in Maryland and throughout the United States.
In addition, there are common mechanisms that are recognized as the highest causes of TBI. The following are the mechanisms which are frequent causes of a traumatic brain injury:
- Open head injury: This involves penetration of the skull, such as from a bullet wound.
- Closed head injury: This injury can occur as a result from incidents such as an auto accident or slip and fall.
- Toxic/Chemical: This occurs when harmful chemicals, such as carbon monoxide or lead poisoning, damage a person’s neurons.
- Deceleration injuries: Occurs when the brain is slammed back and forth inside the skull during a collision with a stationary object.
- Hypoxia (lack of oxygen): This can result in severe cognitive and memory deficits and is caused by a variety of different things, such as a heart attack or respiratory failure.
- Stroke: Loss of blood flow and injury to brain tissue can cause brain damage.
- Tumors: Tumors, or pressure from an enlarged tumor, can cause direct brain damage.
- Infections: Bacteria and viruses can cause serious, life-threatening diseases of the brain, such as meningitis.
The consequences of a traumatic brain injury are severe and can affect all aspects of a person’s life. When the injury occurs as a result of another’s negligence, an experienced Waldorf brain trauma attorney can help a TBI victim obtain compensation to aid in his or her recovery and help with costly medical expenses. For a free case evaluation regarding your case, please call the law firm of Alpert Schreyer at (844) 632-7274.