A traumatic brain injury is devastating and can have lasting effects on an individual and his or her loved ones. It is a major cause of death and disability in the United States and can affect anyone at any time. If you’re dealing with a traumatic brain injury or helping to care for a loved one who is suffering, then you know first hand the physical, psychological, and social effects such an injury can have.
What is a traumatic brain injury?
A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or a penetrating head injury that disrupts the normal function of the brain. Not all bumps, blows, or jolts cause a TBI. TBI severity may range from “mild” (a brief change in mental status or consciousness) to “severe” (sustained loss of consciousness or memory loss). Most TBI’s are mild and are commonly known as concussions.
Types of Traumatic Brain Injury
In addition to the severity of a TBI, the type of TBI can make a difference in a person’s recovery and long-term prognosis.
- Concussion-the common result of a blow to the head or rapid deceleration. Usually causes an altered mental state, either temporary or prolonged
- Contrecoup-bruising or damage to the brain tissue on the opposite side of where the blow was struck
- Diffuse brain injury-injury to cells in many areas of the brain
- Focal injury-injury to a specific area of the brain
- Hematoma-the rupture of a blood vessel leading to the collection of blood in brain tissue or open spaces
- Penetrating injury-occurs when an object, such as a bullet or a sharp instrument, breaks through the skull and rips through the soft brain tissue.
- Skull fracture-breaking of the bones surrounding the brain
What are common causes of a traumatic brain injury?
TBIs can be caused by a number of different situations, but according to the Center for Disease Control statistics, the most common causes of TBIs are
- Being struck by or against an object
- Motor vehicle crashes
- Intentional self-harm
Who is at risk for a TBI?
Every American has more than a 1:160 chance if sustaining a TBI each year. While everyone is at risk for a TBI, men are almost twice as likely as women to sustain one. Children under 5, teenagers, and the elderly are the three groups at the highest risk.
Contact an Experienced Maryland Personal Injury Attorney
If you or someone you love has sustained a brain injury in an accident or as the result of someone’s negligence, you should contact a personal injury attorney to discuss your options. The experienced attorneys at Alpert Schreyer, LLC, are here to help. Contact us online or call us at 844-MDCRASH to set up a free consultation.